It is the governing body of the Convention, which is made up of all the governments that have ratified the treaty. This supreme authority reviews progress under the convention, identifies new priorities and establishes work plans for members. The COP can also make changes to the convention, create expert bodies, review Member States` progress reports and cooperate with other international organisations and agreements. The Ramsar Convention was held in 1971 in Ramsar, Iran, to establish a framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. The Ramsar Treaty broadly defines wetlands as: the Ramsar Convention is the only global environmental treaty that deals with a particular ecosystem. The treaty was adopted in 1971 in the city of Ramsar, Iran, and the convention`s member countries cover all geographic regions of the world. February 2 of each year is World Wetlands Day, which marks the adoption date of the Convention on February 2, 1971. Created to raise awareness of the value of wetlands to humanity and the planet, WWD was first celebrated in 1997 and has grown remarkably since then. In 2015, World Wetlands Day was celebrated in 59 countries. The Ramsar Convention (1971)1 provides a framework for the conservation and judicious use of wetlands and their resources. To date, the United Kingdom has about 100 wetlands in marine and coastal areas, most of which are supported by the name SSSI.
The Ramsar Convention was agreed in 1971 between 18 nations and is now a contracting party to all regions of the world. Potential ecosystem and human health services primarily include water, food, nutrition and medicine, waste clean-up and flood and climate buffers. The review shows that the Convention and the Ramsar network of major wetlands (currently 1,500 areas of more than 100 million hectares) appear to play an important role in the provision of these services. However, examples show that the benefits of wetland conservation to human health and the ecosystem are often oversimplified due to the lack of documentation.