We conclude that the agreement will lead to several improvements and simplifications for companies wishing to trade with mercosur countries. The agreement also offers more opportunities for cooperation and dialogue in areas where the EU and Mercosur are far from the other, such as animal welfare and the use of antibiotics, which could be beneficial in the long term. The EU`s trade agreement with the Mercosur countries, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, is an association agreement that includes trade. The National Trade Council reviewed the agreement in a number of areas, sectors and goods and analysed the impact the agreement can have. Emma Sävenborg, who coordinated the paper, says more. The environmental impact of the agreement depends to a large extent on national legislation and countries` environmental ambitions, as well as on the preferences and initiatives of consumers and businesses. What we do know is that the Mercosur agreement will affect the economies of both sides, which in turn will have environmental repercussions. The ENP covers Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Morocco, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia) and Eastern European neighbours (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine, but with the exception of Russia, which insists on the creation of four common spaces between the EU and Russia). Seven of the Mediterranean countries have a “Euro-Mediterranean association agreement” with the EU, while Palestine has an interim ITA in force.  Syria initialled an EMAA in 2008, but the signature was postponed indefinitely.  However, for the automotive vehicle and industrial product export manufacturing sector, which generally involves major global groups, significant volume increases are evident for the more industrialized members of the trade.  Environmental effects for countries that export agricultural products from rainforest areas or other environmental regions, such as Brazil, are increasingly documented by environmental groups that oppose EU trade agreements.  In addition, other industries with a significant impact on the environment, such as mining, are developing in areas with low regulatory burden, for example in South America and Asia.
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